Austrostipa S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Telopea 6: 5:579-595 (1996).   TYPE SPECIES: Austrostipa mollis S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett

Morphological (Everett 1990) and molecular data (Hsiao, in review) concur in showing that the southern hemisphere taxa traditionally included in Stipa form a monophyletic group, with the exception that Anemanthele appears to be distinct from the remainder of the taxa. Publication of Austrostipa reflects this knowledge. Its taxa and their geographic distribution are listed below, in alphabetical order. Asterisked species are available in various countries as ornamentals. The information is taken from Vickery et al. (1986), Jacobs et al. (1989), and Jacobs and Everett (1996).

To quote Jacobs and Everett (p. 584), "Austrostipa is closest to Achnatherum (Barkworth and Everett 1986; Everett 1990); Barkworth 1993) but differs from that genus in having the mature florets generally darker and tougher in texture, the lemma margins overlapping, and the callus longer, tougher and usually more pungent. Not all species of Austrostipa have all of these charactersitics, but any one species has most of them. Austrostipa has very variable lemma epidermal characteristics.

Stipa sensu stricto is characterized by large (often > 1 cm long) chartaceous spikelets with a long (frequently > 10 cm long) plumose terminal awn and a comparatively short callus, and lemma epiderma silica bodies square, rectangular, or, rarely, oval."

Austrostipa    
A. acrociliata (Reader) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa acrociliata (Reader) Australia
A. aphylla (Rodway) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa aphylla Rodway Australia
A. aquarii (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa aquarii J. Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. aristiglumis (F. Mueller) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa aristiglumis F. Mueller Australia
A. bigeniculata (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa bigeniculata Hughes Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. blackii (C.E. Hubbard) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa. blackii C.E. Hubbard Australia; New Zealand (introduced)

A. blakei (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa. blakei (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. breviglumis (J.M. Black) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everet Stipa breviglumis J.M. Black Australia
A. campylachne (Nees) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa. campylachne Nees Australia
A. centralis (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa centralis Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
 A. compressa (R.Brown) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa compressa R. Brown Australia
A. crinita (Gaudichaud) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa crinita Gaudichaud Australia
A. curticoma (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa curticoma Vickery Australia
A. densiflora (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett S. densiflora Hughes Australia
A. dongicola (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett S. dongicola Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. drummondii (Steudel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett S. drummondii Steudel Australia
A. echinata (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett S. echinata Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. elegantissima (Labillardière) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa elegantissima Labillardière Australia
A. eremophila (Reader) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa eremophila Reader Australia
A. exilis (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa exilis Vickery Australia
A. feresetacea (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa feresetacea Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. flavescens (Labillardière) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa flavescens Labillardière Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. geoffreyi S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett   Australia
A. gibbosa (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa gibbosa Vickery Australia
A. hemipogon (Bentham) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa hemipogon Bentham Australia
A. juncifolia (Hughes) S.W.L. Jabobs & J. Everett Stipa junciolia Hughes Australia
A. lanata (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa lanata Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. macalpinei (Reader) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa macalpinei Reader Australia
A. metatoris (S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa metatoris S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. mollis (R. Brown) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa mollis S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. muelleri (Tate) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa muelleri Tate Australia
A. multispiculis (J.M. Black) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa multispiculis J.M. Black Australia
A. mundula (J.M. Black) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa mundula J.M. Black Australia
A. nitida (Summerhayes & C.E. Hubbard) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nitida Summerhayes & C.E. Hubbard Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. nivicola (J.H. Willis) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nivivola J.H. Willis Australia
A. nodosa (S.T. Blake) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nodosa S.T. Blake Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. nullarborensis (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nullarborensis Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. nullanulla (S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nullanulla S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. oligostachya (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa oligostachya Hughes Australia
A. petraea (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa petraea Vickery Australia
A. pilata (S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa pilata S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. platychaeta (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa platychaeta Hughes Australia
A. plumigera (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa plumigera Hughes Australia
A. puberula (Steudel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa puberula Steudel Australia
A. pubescens (R. Brown) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa pubescens R. Brown Australia
A. pubinodis (Trinius & Ruprecht) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa pubinodis Trinius & Ruprecht Australia
A. pycnostachya (Bentham) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa pycnostachya Bentham Australia
A. ramosissima (Trinius) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa ramosissima Trinius Australia
A. rudis (Sprengel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa rudis Sprengel  
A. rudis (Sprengel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett subsp. rudis Tautonym Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. rudis subsp. australis (S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa rudis subsp. australis S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. rudis subsp. nervosa (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa nervosa subsp. nervosa Vickery; S. rudis subsp. nervosa (Vickery) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. scabra (Lindley) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa scabra Lindley  
A. scabra (Lindley) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett subsp. scabra Tautonym Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. scabra subsp. falcata (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa falcata Hughes; Stipa scabra subsp. falcata (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. semibarbata (R. Brown) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa semibarbata R. Brown Australia
A. setacea (R. Brown) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa setacea R. Brown Australia
A. stipoides (Hooker f.) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Dichelachne stipoides Hooker f.; Stipa stipoides (Hooker f.) Veldkamp Australia
A. stuposa (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa stuposa Hughes Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. tenuifolia (Steudel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa tenuifolia Steudel Australia
A. trichophylla (Bentham) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa trichophylla Bentham Australia
A. tuckeri (F. Mueller) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa tuckeri F. Mueller Australia
A. variabilis (Hughes) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa variabilis Hughes Australia
A. velutina (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa velutina Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. verticillata (Nees ex Sprengel) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa verticillata Nees ex Sprengel Australia; New Zealand (introduced)
A. vickeryana (S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa vickeryana S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia
A. wakoolica (Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Stipa wakoolica Vickery, S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett Australia