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Anthosachne Scabra


Plants perennial, loosely cespitose.Culms 25-150 cm tall, 0.6-1.7 mm thick, scabridulous, sometimes coarsely hairy.

Basal leaves: sheaths glabrous or hairy, absent or to 2.4 mm; auricles absent or to 2.4 mm long. ligule 0.2-1.2 mm long, membranous, truncate; blade 5-18 cm long, 1-7 mm wide, flat or rolled, both surfaces scabrous and coarsely hairy.

Inflorescence 9-35 cm long, with 1- 20 spikelets; middle internodes 10-24 mm long.

Spikelets solitary, tangential, not pedicellate, 15-35 mm long, with 6-12 florets.

Glumes unequal, obtuse to acuminate, veins scabrous, lower glume 1.3-12 mm long, 0.6-0.9 m wide, 3-6(7)-veined, upper glume 2-12.6 mm long, 0.6-0.9 mm wide, 4-8-veined.

Calluses usually longer than wide. Lemmas 8-20 mm long, scabrous, tapering into a scabrous awn, awn of lowest lemma (0.5)2-20 mm long, of other lemmas (3)15-60 mm long. Palea 55-90% as long as the lemma body, keels coarsely toothed, intercostal region retuse, truncate, or rounded.

anthosachne scabra


AUSTRALIA: Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Victori, New South Wales, Queensland.

NEW ZEALAND: Introduced to both islands.

Formal citation of name

Anthosachne scabra (R. Br.) Nevski See


Edgar, E. and H.E. Connor. 2000. Flora of New Zealand, volume 5. Grasses. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, New Zealand.

Jacobs, S.W.L., R.H. D. Whalley, and D.J.B. Wheeler. 2008. Grasses of New South Wales, ed. 4. University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.

Wang, S., M.J. Henwood, and C.M. Weiller. 2009. Elymus, pp. 96-99 in Flora of Australia, vol. 44a. Poaceae 2. CSIRO Publishing