ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Rachis

Callus

Glumes

Lemma

Palea

Rachis and glumes

Description

Plants perennial, loosely cespitose.Culms 25-150 cm tall, 0.6-1.7 mm thick, scabridulous, sometimes coarsely hairy.

Basal leaves: sheaths glabrous or hairy, absent or to 2.4 mm; auricles absent or to 2.4 mm long. ligule 0.2-1.2 mm long, membranous, truncate; blade 5-18 cm long, 1-7 mm wide, flat or rolled, both surfaces scabrous and coarsely hairy.

Inflorescence 9-35 cm long, with 1- 20 spikelets; middle internodes 10-24 mm long.

Spikelets solitary, tangential, not pedicellate, 15-35 mm long, with 6-12 florets.

Glumes unequal, obtuse to acuminate, veins scabrous, lower glume 1.3-12 mm long, 0.6-0.9 m wide, 3-6(7)-veined, upper glume 2-12.6 mm long, 0.6-0.9 mm wide, 4-8-veined.

Calluses usually longer than wide.  Lemmas 8-20 mm long, scabrous, tapering into a scabrous awn, awn of lowest lemma (0.5)2-20 mm long, of other lemmas (3)15-60 mm long. Palea 55-90% as long as the lemma body, keels coarsely toothed, intercostal region retuse, truncate, or rounded.

Distribution

AUSTRALIA: Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Victori, New South Wales, Queensland.

NEW ZEALAND: Introduced to both islands.

Formal citation of name

Anthosachne scabra (R. Br.) Nevski  See http://www.ipni.org/ipni/idPlantNameSearch.do?id=127675-3&back_page=%2Fipni%2FeditAdvPlantNameSearch.do%3Ffind_infragenus%3D%26find_isAPNIRecord%3Dtrue%26find_geoUnit%3D%26find_includePublicationAuthors%3Dtrue%26find_addedSince%3D%26find_family%3D%26find_genus%3DAnthosachne%26find_sortByFamily%3Dtrue%26find_isGCIRecord%3Dtrue%26find_infrafamily%3D%26find_rankToReturn%3Dall%26find_publicationTitle%3D%26find_authorAbbrev%3D%26find_infraspecies%3D%26find_includeBasionymAuthors%3Dtrue%26find_modifiedSince%3D%26find_isIKRecord%3Dtrue%26find_species%3Dsc*%26output_format%3Dnormal

 

Reference(s)

Edgar, E. and H.E. Connor. 2000. Flora of New Zealand, volume 5. Grasses. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, New Zealand.

Jacobs, S.W.L., R.H. D. Whalley, and D.J.B. Wheeler. 2008. Grasses of New South Wales, ed. 4. University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.

Wang, S., M.J. Henwood, and C.M. Weiller. 2009. Elymus, pp. 96-99 in Flora of Australia, vol. 44a. Poaceae 2. CSIRO Publishing